why it is important spay/neuter

   cats_multiply_pyramid-1.jpg    dogs_multiply_pyramid-1.jpg    sn_your_cat-1.jpg

Did You Know?


source of info: OIE – World Organisation for Animal Health 

Rabies is a highly fatal viral disease of humans and all other warm blooded animals. The virus is present in the saliva of infected animals and is generally transmitted by the bite of diseased animals – most commonly dogs and other carnivores.

The OIE provides science-based standards, guidelines and recommendations for the control of the disease in animals and to prevent the spread of the disease through trade as well as standards for the diagnosis of the disease and the preparation of vaccines for use in animals. Through its network of Reference Laboratories and Collaborating Centers the OIE provides policy advice, strategy design and technical assistance for the diagnosis, control and eradication of rabies.

This website provides information to national veterinary services and veterinary professionals, farmers, media and the general public.

Rabies is present on all continents except Antarctica. Some countries have implemented vigilant control measures and succeeded in eradicating the disease. However, in some countries, the disease remains endemic with rabies present mainly in wild animal hosts.

In countries where the disease is endemic, measures are implemented to address and reduce the risk of infection in susceptible populations (wildlife, stray and domestic animals) and create a buffer between the animal source of the disease and humans.

  • Surveillance and reporting of suspected cases of rabies in animals
  • Vaccination programs for domestic animals
  • Research into disease dynamics, vaccines and effective delivery mechanisms for target populations
  • Wildlife rabies control programs including vaccination (trap/vaccinate/release or delivery of oral vaccines)
  • Population control and vaccination programs for stray animal populations


What are the clinical signs of the disease?

Clinical signs of rabies in animals will vary depending on the effect of the virus on the brain. Typical signs include sudden behavioural changes and progressive paralysis leading to death. In some cases, however, an animal may die rapidly without demonstrating significant clinical signs.

Furious rabies

Animals may be anxious, highly excitable and/or aggressive with intermittent periods of depression. With the loss of natural caution and fear of other animals and humans, animals with this form of rabies may demonstrate sudden behaviour changes, and attack without provocation. As the disease progresses, muscular weakness, incoordination and seizures are common. Death results from progressive paralysis.

Dumb Rabies

Animals with this form of rabies may be depressed or unusually docile. The animal will often have paralysis, generally of the face, throat and neck, causing abnormal facial expressions, drooling and inability to swallow. Paralysis may affect the body, first affecting the hind legs. The paralysis progresses rapidly to the whole body with subsequent coma and death.

In humans, early signs can include fever or headache. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include confusion, depression, sleepiness, agitation or paralysis of the face, throat and neck. Death generally results from progressive paralysis.


How is the disease diagnosed?

The disease may be suspected based on clinical signs, however, laboratory tests are required to confirm the diagnosis. Samples taken from dead animals must be sent to competent laboratories for diagnosis. OIE recommendations can be found in Prescribed and Alternative Diagnostic Tests for OIE Listed Diseases, Terrestrial Animal Health Code, 2007 (Appendix 3.1.1,) and Manual of Diagnostic Tests & Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals, (Chapter 2.2.5).

What is being done to prevent or control this disease?

Prevention and control measures.

In countries where the disease is endemic, measures are implemented to address and reduce the risk of infection in susceptible populations (wildlife, stray and domestic animals) and create a buffer between the animal source of the disease and humans.

Surveillance and reporting of suspected cases of rabies in animals


• Vaccination programs for domestic animals


• Research into disease dynamics, vaccines and effective delivery mechanisms for target populations


• Wildlife rabies control programs including vaccination (trap/vaccinate/release or delivery of oral vaccines)


• Population control and vaccination programs for stray animal populations


Need more information?

Reference Experts:

Dr A. Wandeler Centre of Expertise for Rabies, Animal Diseases Research Institute 3851 Fallowfield Road, P.O. Box 11300, Station H, Nepean, Ontario K2H 8P9 CANADA Tel: (1.613) 228.66.98 Fax: (1.613) 228.66.69 wandelera@inspection.gc.ca

Dr J. Barrat AFSSA-LERPAS, Laboratoire d’études sur la rage et la pathologie des animaux sauvages Domaine de Pixérécourt, BP 9, 54220 Malzéville FRANCE Tel: (33 (0)3) Fax: (33 (0)3) j.barrat@afssa.fr  

Mme F. Cliquet AFSSA-LERPAS, Laboratoire d’études sur la rage et la pathologie des animaux sauvages Domaine de Pixérécourt, BP 9, 54220 Malzéville FRANCE Tel: (33 (0)3) Fax: (33 (0)3) f.cliquet@afssa.fr  

Dr T. Müller Institute of Epidemiology, Friedrich-Loeffler Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health Seest. 55, 16868 Wustherhausen/Dosse GERMANY Tel: (49.33) Fax: (49.33) thomas.mueller@wus.bfav.de  

Dr Claude Taurai Sabeta Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Rabies Unit Private Bag X05, Onderstepoort 0110 SOUTH AFRICA Tel: (27.12) 529.94.39 Fax: (27.12) 529.93.90 sabetac@arc.agric.za  

Dr Anthony Fooks Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Virology Department, VLA Weybridge New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB UNITED KINGDOM Tel: (44.1932) 35.78.40 Fax: (44.1932) 35.72.39 t.fooks@vla.defra.gsi.gov.uk 


Key Facts:

European countries implementing effective wildlife rabies control programs that include oral vaccination campaigns have successfully eliminated the disease in wildlife (Switzerland 1999; France 2000; Belgium and Luxembourg 2001; Czech Republic 2004).

• Population control and/or oral vaccination programmes for domestic and stray animals are being implemented in several developing countries where rabies is endemic.


• Eradication is underway in North American countries.




Dogs in Svilajnac city




Where are the dogs in the cages now ?, where are the dogs with red markers to indicate full treatment via donations given by VIER PFOTEN ???  – Vier Pfoten being an Austrian animal welfare organisation which has paid to help these animals – hence the Red ident tags fitted to their ears to signify they have been fully treated (Sterilised, microchipped, vaccinated against Rabies etc).  The last video (below) shows a clearly identified Red Tag fitted dog being darted by a dog catcher who is wearing a mask.  This is illegal as detailed in the words below.

What is happening to these dogs after capture ? – we have no information, the authority in Svilajnac don’t give this information out.  We see, today, new dogs in cages – dogs with Red ear tags ! – What is to become of these dogs now ?

New photo and video

Update:  Thursday 13th March 2008.
Dear all, – to be read in conjunction with the new video footage above –
as you know we have brought a criminal charge against these crimes – you can see VIDEO PROOF below on the links, but today the Shinters (Dog Catchers) put masks on their faces (see video of dog in street) and they catch more dogs. We have contacted Mrs. Sanja Celebicanion – Chief of vet. inspections,  she  just said to us that it is necessary to bring  criminal charge against the local authorities – ( we did that yesterday). As she is Chief of  veterinary inspectors of the Republic of Serbia, her job is TO BAN the LAWLESS work of private firms which work in opposition to Article 46. of the Law of Veterinary of Serbia.  The Private firm ‘SZR HIGIJENA TOMIC’, shown here, owner is Mr.Zoran Tomic, who travels around all over Serbia, catching dogs for 20 000 Dinar per day, kill  dogs on forst dump -and go futher, into the next and next, and next city.  This is a very dirty business, and it is necessary to delete this firm from the Register of firms of the Veterinary Department because  it is undertaking lawless, un-lawful work.
Our campaigners Goran and Marija have followed this company and have compiled the photos on the following links. We have made a criminal charge yesterday (12th March) – regarding the situation that this company is catching  dogs for mass killing, even those these dogs have now been vaccinated, sterilized and identity marked ! -see the Red coloured identity tags now in their ears.
They simply catch dogs for mass killing – and for money, like a business; nothing more, no cares about life or death.
Late Update:  13th March 2008  23:21hrs


SAV campaigners in Serbia inform by phone that a 2m deep hole was found at a local garbage dump on the same day that the dogs with red ear tags (and others) were captured and put into the holding cage as shown in the video footage on this site. It appears that the ‘hole’ at the dump is now 1- 1,5 m deep and there are fresh earth and trails  around it.  The cage in the city pound is now empty, which leads us to naturally suspect that the same dogs from the cages have now been killed and disposed of.
We suspect the hole is ready to take more bodies over the coming weeks.   SAV campaigners are aiming to obtain more evidence of the situation soon.


TO BE CONTINUED………………………………

Animal Activist Network Svilajnac – Goran / Friend-EPAR/OIPA/Alliance for Animal Rights— 

Photos gallery: click here.

Note – Several of the dogs which can be seen in the cages have the Red coloured ident tags fitted – the tag which should prevent them from being in this situation !

Please send protest mail to authorities in Serbia:


1. Mayor of city Svilajnac Mrs.Dobrivoje Budimirovic 

 phone  ++381 35 312 010
 fax  ++381 35 312 265

2. Vice mayor Mrs.Gorica Gajic 

phone ++381 35 312 133
fax ++381 35 312 265


3. President assembly Svilajnac Mrs. Dr Vladan Rajkovic and veterinary doktor
++381 35 323 565
++381 35 312 433


4. Chief of vet inspection of Serbia mrs Sanja Celebicanion  – she can stop this mad right now:
mobil ++381 63 753 105
5. Chief  vet insp of region of Svilajnac , Mrs Oliveric Jelena –  she can stop this mad now
++381 35 323 502
++381 35 322 330

5. Director of Veterinary Department of Ministry of Agriculture, Mr
++ 381 63 607 489   and ++ 381 64 868 00 00



 Please call them or  send  them  sms. These are numbers of official mobil
phones, short call or sms, You can save life of these poor dogs.

Animal Activist Network Svilajnac – Goran Grujin / Friend-EPAR/OIPA/Alliance for Animal Rights


 Other contacts are:

6.   President of the Republic of Serbia – Mr. Boris Tadic kontakt@predsednik.yu

7.   Prime Minister of the Serbian Government – Mr.Vojislav Kostunica

lgvozden@sr.gov.yu                mmarkovic@sr.gov.yu

8.   Deputy Public Attorney General of the Republic of Serbia,

– Mrs.Gordana Stojanovic Milosevic    rjtdz@bitsyu.net

9.   Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Serbia

10.   Minister of Justice of the Republic of Serbia- Mr.Dusan Petrovic


To the Mayor of Svilajnac cityMrs. Dobrivoje Budimirovic   
Vice-mayor Mrs. Gorica Gajic   
 President of the Svilajnac general assembly and veterinarian Mrs. Dr Vladan Rajkovic 
In Copy to Ministry of Agriculture, forestry and water management, Veterinary Directorate Director, Moroslav Marinkovic 
Ladies and Gentlemen, 
we understand that at the local dog pound of Svilajnac 4 dogs that wear red ear markings of the animal welfare organisation “Vier Pfoten” (Four Paws International) are waiting to be killed by a lethal injection of the highly unsuitable T-61 (T-61 is a drug which causes respiratory paralysis – the lungs stop working whilst the animal is still awake. It suffocates whilst conscious), or other means (like stabbing to death with a pitchfork etc.). 
These dogs have been vaccinated (and DO NOT carry rabies) and neutered by“Vier Pfoten” and I should like you to explain to me why these animals havebeen caught and taken to the pound. Apart from this fact the killing of obviously healthy and sound animals –and this goes for ALL dogs at the pound right now – is in directcontravention to existing Serbian law – and if you are not aware of your ownlegislation let me help you remember: 
From 1st January 2006, the Criminal Code of Serbia. Article 269: Paragraph 1: anyone who is cruel to, inflicts violence or kills an animal asdefined by this law, must be punished by up to a 6 month prison sentence;  
Paragraph 2: if suffering or death is carried out on more than one animal,the person who inflicted this suffering can be sentenced with up to 3 yearsimprisonment.  – any person who is cruel, violent or inflicts death on any animal making upthe ‘special protection’ group of animals (as for example, the wolf or thebrown bear) can again be sentenced to up to 3 years imprisonment.  
In addition to Article 269, Article 46 of the Serbian Veterinary Lawdeclares:– that animals have a right to life.
There is no law declaring euthanasiahas to be undertaken as a means of stray / street animal control.  – each local community in Serbia has an obligation to provide care forabandoned dogs and cats, – each community has an obligation to finance stray animal care, includingthe building of shelters, – each community has an obligation to finance sterilisation, medical careand food for the (stray) animals.  
I therefore expect you to immediately release these animals again andinstruct the shinters operating in the area to leave them in peace !!As indeed would be most desirable with all dogs and cats that regularly findtheir cruel deaths in the death camps of Svilajnac and other Serbian cities. 
You may be aware that efforts are underway to bring the matter of Serbia’s stray to the attention of the EU Animal Welfare Eurogroup/Intergroup led byMr. Parish (and the supporting initiative by Mr. Hutchinson) in Brussels –and even as I write this data on Serbian animal abuse is already beingreveived and evaluated by Mr. Parish’s office. The next EU Animal Welfare Eurogroup/Intergroup meeting this year will see a lot of discussion on the subject – and you may rest assured that every single animal killed henceforth will be another nail in the coffin of Serbia’s hope for accession into the European Union.  
The conduct and ignorance shown by the Serbian authorities towards theplight of Serbia’s strays cannot and will not be tolerated. Financial meansto properly care for these animals and implement large-scale HUMANEsterilisation and vaccination campaigns DO EXIST, but are routinely misusedto finance the killings. 
We will closely monitor the situation in Svilajnac in the next few days and every information that these animals have been killed will be forwarded directly to the EU and around the world to even further strengthen our case in Brussels that Serbia is not enforcing its own national legislation – ie. Criminal Code of Serbia. Article 269 and Article 46 of the Serbian Veterinary Law – the visible enforcement of these by any national Government / authorities being a minimum requirement for any hope of Serbia becoming a member state of the EU.  
I cannot imagine that “VIER PFOTEN” likes their money invested in trying tohelp these animals being seen also as being wasted by your authorities and shinters killing them off when there is neither justification nor need (as in proving cases of rabies) for it. 
Your situation is being watched closely; and very regularly; 




Serbia May try using the excuse of Rabies as a reason to attempt to kill as many dogs and cats as it can, simply because it has no real stray animal Sterilisation program in place to reduce stray numbers as identified within this site.
So, one animal found which has rabies is the excuse to undertake a mass killing programme which will remove strays from the streets of Serbia – every town and every city.  Convenient that !
Can it be suggested that the “No Kill” Sterilisation programme we suggest be used instead.
Check out the Euro Rabies scene on the following link:
and then decide for yourself if Serbia is the worst in Europe.




Alliance for Animal Rights

~~~CAMPAINING FOR SERBIAN ANIMALS ~~~                      

 **Society Friends of Animals~FRIEND~-~

EPAR~, Subotica

President Slavica Mazak Bešlić

E-Mail: contact@epar.org.yu  Web: EPAR


Center for European Integrations & Regional Iniciative ,Nis

President, Oliver Veličković E-Mail: ceiri_nish@yahoo.co.uk    

**~HELP HELP~Activist Network, communication Dpt.Svilajnac,

Web: http://helphelp.atspace.org  

**~C4SAIN~Activist Network, communication dpt. Belgrade,

E-Mail: C4SAIN@gmail.com  

Campaigns4Serbian Animals In Need/Activist Network/Dpt. Belgrade/

**Society for animal protection:»NIŠ», Nis

Jelena Kostić 

**Society for animal protection:» SREĆKO», President Zvezdana Radojčić 

**Society for Animal Protection» ZOV», President,Snežana Tadić

**Vegan Portal Belgrade-Vegan Group Serbia

Jelena *JeZa*, coordinator Vegan World Networ for Serbia


WEB: www.veganizam.com

                          Nemanjina 11


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Animals in Belgrade Zoo

Animals in Belgrade Zoo live in bare enclosures and undoubtedly, years of depravity, lack of stimulation and being confined to too small concrete cages have resulted in stereotypical behavior witch is displayed by these severely distressed Animals.


EPAR dog shelter

A place for LOVE